Fun and occasionally surprising, watercolour is a medium. We’ve narrowed it down to the top 7 fundamentals to get you started because there are so many ways to use it.
1. AUTHENTIC ART SUPPLIES
The correct equipment in your toolbox makes all the difference. To get results you’ll be delighted with, it’s imperative to use quality materials. Poor-quality materials frequently fail outright, resulting in irritation, lost time, and lost money. As the results won’t be as good as if you use premium supplies, it can also make you want to stop painting. Analyzing it in terms of paper, paints, and brushes
Not every paper is made the same! Use true watercolour paper if you’re intending to paint with watercolours. The watercolour washes on standard copy paper and watercolour paper, both using the identical paint mixture, are shown side by side below. The copy paper produces a buckling, wavy wash because it isn’t created the same way as watercolour paper. Additionally, the copy paper pills, which is a term for when the sheet’s fibres begin to rip and ball up. The heavier weight watercolour paper is manufactured with “sizing” additives, which enable proper moisture absorption. It doesn’t pill or tear, stays flat, and has a consistent colour tone.
Both tubes and pans are used for watercolour paint. Depending on your preferences, either option works, but using high-quality brands is important. Poor paint might develop cracks and chalkiness rather than having a smooth, equal tint.
Although you don’t need a wide range of brushes to begin with, having a few essential types will be useful as you strive to get various effects. A good place to start is with a small, medium, and big round brush, a flat brush, and a mop brush. Every brush has a specific function when it is formed. To get a clear sense of the several brush kinds that are offered and what each does, visit the website for Princeton Artist Brush.
2. STARTPROM LIGHT TO DARK
When using watercolour, it’s crucial to start with the lighter colours and work your way toward the darker ones. Keep calm; there is no rush. We begin with the light colours first because it is difficult to erase once the dark colours have been applied. Your light colours won’t show if they are covered up by dark colours because watercolour is transparent. Additionally, the paper is what gives your painting its white and light hues, so bear in mind which places you want to maintain white as you plan ahead. Using masking fluid is a terrific method to keep certain sections of your painting white.
3. RATIO OF WATER TO PAINT
Depending on what you want to accomplish, the water to paint ratio will alter. Colors that are excessively light can be the result of too much water. Additionally, it can cause paint to spread more widely than you’d like and to mix and muddy up the colours. Lack of water can produce thick colours that don’t lay down properly or flow properly, as well as brush strokes that are clearly streaky.
A lot of water and a palette for mixing paints should always be on hand, as a general rule of thumb. Mix your colours on the palette, then add the right amount of water. Before painting on your project, check the saturation of the colours on a scrap of paper to see whether more colour or water is needed. To avoid muddy mixtures, always cleanse your brush thoroughly between colours.
4. TECHNIQUES: WET ON DRY VS. WET ON WET
While there are various approaches you can employ when painting with watercolours, these two fundamental ones will produce varying results based on your goals:
Applying wet paint to dry paper or wet paint to a dry paint area is known as “wet on dry.” This method enables greater control and well defined edges. Only where your brush takes it will the paint go.
Wet on wet: Fresh paint is added to a wash of wet paint, or wet paint is applied on wet paper. Thus, a fluid, enjoyable, and surprising impact is produced. Wet on wet techniques offer less control. Try it by wetting the paper with clear water, then painting over it with watercolours. The paint will run to the damp regions, as you can see.
Depending on what you’re aiming to accomplish with your painting, dry-time varies. Applying layers on top of wet paint will cause colours to bleed into one another. Avoid applying too many layers of wet paint since the colours could easily muddle.
Be patient and wait until the layer beneath is dry before adding fresh colour layers and details on top of a base you’ve already painted. If you don’t, the colours will bleed into one another and you won’t have clearly defined edges and shapes. It needs practise, patience, and time.
6. MIXING PAINTS
There is a lot of planning and preparing in watercolor painting. A good rule of thumb is to always mix more paint than you think you’ll need on your palette. If you run out of a color, it can be really difficult to mix the exact same shade again, so you want to be prepared.